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What is an ITIN?

Posted on January 5, 2024 in IRS

An ITIN, or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number, is a number issued by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for tax processing purposes. It is given to individuals who are required to have a taxpayer identification number in the United States but are not eligible to obtain a Social Security number (SSN) from the Social Security Administration (SSA).

What is an ITIN used for?

The IRS issues Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITINs) to help individuals comply with U.S. tax laws and to process tax returns and payments for those who are not eligible for Social Security numbers. ITINs are issued irrespective of immigration status, as both resident and nonresident aliens may have to file or report their taxes under the Internal Revenue Code. However, ITINs do not serve any other purpose apart from federal tax reporting.

An ITIN does not authorize employment in the U.S., provide eligibility for Social Security benefits, or qualify a dependent for Earned Income Tax Credit purposes.